digital content : hillcountry collection : kgc

 

Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC)

Background
Bibliography
Context

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Bylaws of the Castroville Castle of the Knights of the Golden Circle

 

 


The Bylaws of the Castroville Castle of the KGC

(5 image files | 1 PDF)

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Exposition

 

 


An Exposition of the KGC

(1 image file | 2 PDF’s)

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Military Degree

 

 


Military Degree

(13 image files | 1 PDF)

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Background

In 1854, Virginia-born George W. L. Bickley organized the covert Knights of the Golden Circle to establish a commercial empire based on the expansion of slavery into the West Indies, Mexico, and parts of Central America.  With the southern United States included, the area would become a “Golden Circle” intended to control commerce in tobacco, sugar, rice and coffee; the annexation of Mexico was the ultimate goal.

Bickley’s scheme was one of many that simmered beneath the surface of America’s republican crisis exacerbated by congressional decisions over the extent of slaveholding: the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Gag Rule of 1836, the Wilmot Proviso, and the Compromise of 1850.  Because the extension of slavery into the Mexican cession was part of the controversy, Texas became the location of thirty-two local chapters of the Knights.  In 1860, these “castles” provided support for unsuccessful attempts to invade Mexico from Texas. 

Although the organization became less visible as the American Civil War progressed, it operated as a fifth column and boasted that its membership included prominent Americans from both sides of the conflict.  The Union arrested Bickley for spying in 1863 and held him as a prisoner until the end of the war. 

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Context

“The Dogs of War Unleashed” was published by the West Texas Historical Association in 1997.  It is gratefully reprinted here with permission from the Association.  For information about the organization, see their website at http://swco.ttu.edu/WestTexas/.

To cite this article, the accepted Turabian format would be:

Baulch, Joe, “The Dogs of War Unleashed,” West Texas Historical           Association Yearbook 73, (1997): 126-141.

 

Dogs of War Unleashed PDF - 200KB PDF of Dogs of War Unleashed

 

“Republicanism and the Compromise of 1850” was published by the eHistory Bulletin. It is gratefully reprinted here with the permission of its author, Dr. Michael Dennis. 

To cite this article, the accepted Turabian format would be:

Dennis, Michael.  “Republicanism and the Compromise of 1850.”
          eHistory Bulletin (2001).  Journal on-line.  Available from           http://ehistory.freeservers.com/ in Vol. 1.  Accessed 4 April           2006.

 

Republicanism and the Compromise of 1850 PDF - 98KB PDF of Republicanism and the Compromise of 1850

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Note: Additional information on the Knights of the Golden Circle is available in the Resources section of this website.

 

 
The William Logan Library at Schreiner University©2006 Schreiner University.  All rights reserved.
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